Early Life and Challenges

Born on October 31, 1860, in Savannah, Georgia, Juliette Magill Kinzie Gordon, who would later be known as Juliette Gordon Low, embarked on a life that would leave an indelible mark on history. She was the second of six children in a well-to-do family, her father a Confederate captain and her mother a strong-minded woman from the North. This blend of Northern and Southern heritage would play a significant role in shaping her personality and values.

Juliette, affectionately called “Daisy” by her family and friends, was a curious and adventurous child. Despite being raised in the rigid confines of Victorian society, she often broke the mold with her tomboyish antics and creative pursuits. Her early education was erratic, typical of the era, with stints at several prominent boarding schools and private tutors.

Tragedy struck Juliette in her youth. Her hearing was compromised due to chronic ear infections and later an incident where a grain of rice became lodged in her ear during her wedding. These incidents led to her partial deafness, which would eventually become total deafness in one ear and severe impairment in the other.

Marriage and Personal Struggles

In 1886, Juliette married William Mackay Low, a wealthy Englishman. Initially, their life was filled with opulence and travel, but the marriage soon turned rocky. William’s drinking and infidelity, coupled with Juliette’s increasing deafness, strained their relationship. After her husband’s death in 1905, Juliette found herself without a clear direction in life.

The Birth of the Girl Scouts

It was her meeting with Sir Robert Baden-Powell, the founder of the Boy Scouts and the Girl Guides, that sparked a turning point in Juliette’s life. Inspired by his vision, she saw an opportunity to empower young girls, including those with disabilities, to become more independent, resourceful, and confident.

In 1912, Juliette founded the Girl Scouts of the USA. She envisioned an organization that would prepare girls to meet their world with courage, confidence, and character. Her own experiences with deafness played a crucial role in shaping the inclusive ethos of the Girl Scouts. Juliette was determined to make the organization a space where every girl could find a place, regardless of her background or abilities.

The early years of the Girl Scouts were challenging. Juliette used her personal wealth to fund the organization and often encountered skepticism and opposition from those who felt that girls should adhere to traditional roles. Despite these obstacles, her unwavering dedication saw the Girl Scouts grow in numbers and in scope.

Legacy and Impact

Juliette Gordon Low’s impact on society extends far beyond the establishment of the Girl Scouts. Her vision fostered leadership, community service, and self-improvement among millions of girls. She was a pioneer in breaking gender barriers and advocating for inclusivity.

Her journey as a deaf person added a unique dimension to her work. Juliette’s experiences with hearing loss made her acutely aware of the challenges faced by those with disabilities. She championed the cause of inclusivity, ensuring that Girl Scouts programs were accessible to all girls, including those with disabilities.

Juliette’s legacy is also evident in the vast array of activities and programs the Girl Scouts offer. From outdoor adventures to science and technology, the organization encourages girls to explore diverse interests, build skills, and develop leadership qualities.

Juliette Gordon Low’s life is a testament to the power of resilience and the impact one individual can have on society. Her journey from a young girl facing personal challenges to the founder of a global movement is an inspiration. Juliette’s life story emphasizes that disabilities, whether physical or otherwise, do not define one’s capabilities or limit one’s potential to effect positive change.

As we reflect on her life and contributions, Juliette Gordon Low stands as a beacon of hope and a role model for girls and women worldwide. Her legacy continues to inspire new generations to dream big, overcome obstacles, and make a meaningful difference in their communities and the world.

The Evolution of the Girl Scouts

Under Juliette’s leadership, the Girl Scouts evolved from a small group of 18 girls in Savannah, Georgia, to a national movement that redefined the role of girls and women in American society. Juliette’s vision was progressive for her time. She insisted that the Girl Scouts include girls from all social backgrounds, races, and religions, a stance that was particularly revolutionary in the early 20th century’s segregated society.

The Girl Scouts’ curriculum under Juliette’s guidance was groundbreaking. It included not only traditional homemaking skills but also unconventional subjects like camping, first aid, and citizenship. This broad spectrum of activities was designed to cultivate a sense of independence and self-reliance in young women. Juliette firmly believed that girls should be prepared for future roles as professional women and active citizens in a democracy, not just as wives and mothers.

Overcoming Personal Challenges

Juliette Gordon Low’s personal battle with deafness is a critical aspect of her story. Her condition did not deter her; instead, it fueled her determination to be a voice for those who were often overlooked. She learned to lip-read in multiple languages and found innovative ways to communicate with people. Her disability also made her more empathetic towards the challenges faced by others, driving her to ensure that the Girl Scouts was an inclusive space.

Her struggle with deafness also brought attention to the capabilities and potential of individuals with disabilities. Juliette’s success in creating and running a major organization while managing her disability was a powerful statement at a time when such impairments were often seen as insurmountable.

Juliette’s Later Years and Death

In her later years, Juliette continued to be an active advocate for the Girl Scouts. Despite facing health issues, including breast cancer, she remained involved with the organization, traveling and speaking on its behalf. Her dedication never wavered, even in the face of personal adversity.

Juliette Gordon Low passed away on January 17, 1927, at her Savannah home. Her death was not only a loss to the Girl Scouts but to the broader movement for girls’ and women’s empowerment. The legacy she left behind, however, continued to grow and flourish.

Posthumous Recognition and Ongoing Influence

Juliette Gordon Low’s contributions have been widely recognized. She was inducted into the National Women’s Hall of Fame and has been the subject of numerous books and articles. Her childhood home in Savannah is a National Historic Landmark and serves as a museum dedicated to her life and the Girl Scouts’ history.

Perhaps the most significant testament to Juliette’s impact is the ongoing success of the Girl Scouts. Today, the organization serves millions of girls in the United States and across the globe. It continues to be a platform where girls can learn, grow, and become leaders, just as Juliette envisioned.


Juliette Gordon Low’s life story is a powerful reminder that one person’s vision and determination can bring about significant change. Her journey, marked by personal struggles and triumphs, continues to inspire countless girls and women. Juliette’s legacy in the Girl Scouts is a vibrant, living testament to her belief in the potential of every girl to make a difference in the world.

As we celebrate her life and achievements, Juliette Gordon Low stands not just as a historical figure but as an enduring symbol of empowerment, resilience, and the transformative power of inclusive leadership.